Porthyraur criccieth

Criccieth History and the history of Porthyraur

Criccieth History

The history of Porthyraur Criccieth that  we have managed to uncover so far!

We have been trying to research the history of the cottage and below is what we have found so far!

Porth Yr Aur is a terraced cottage which forms part of a long stone building which is  now divided into three cottages: Porth yr Aur, Trefan and Cemlyn. Dating back to 1700 they mark the site of the original treasury of the castle. Hence the translation of Porth Yr Aur – Gate of Gold.

Cemlyn was reputedly used as the village church.

The property was added as a grade ll listing in 1994.

The https://www.peoplescollection…. describe it as Mid 18th Century. Rubblestone (large split boulders). 2 storey. Gable. Stone stacks. Old slate roof. Modern ridge

Previous uses.

According to local knowledge Porth Yr Aur was used as a shop prior to the second world war selling tobacco and confectionary, this explains the wide deep window to the current dining room. The shop ceased in World War ll as the owner did not have enough customers on their books to obtain rations.

It has since been a bed and breakfast and then was owned by an artist who used the back extension which now house the utility, ground floor bedroom and bathroom as her studio!

Historical photo Porth Yr Aur

More of Criccieth History

Criccieth is a picturesque coastal town located in Gwynedd, Wales, with a rich history that dates back many centuries. Here is an overview of Criccieth history

Early Settlement and Medieval Period:

  • The history of Criccieth can be traced back to ancient times, as evidence of early human settlement in the area has been found.
  • During the medieval period, Criccieth was primarily a Welsh stronghold. It was strategically located between two powerful Welsh kingdoms, Gwynedd and Powys.
  • In the early 13th century, Llywelyn the Great, the Prince of Gwynedd, built a stone castle in Criccieth. This castle would become an important defensive structure in the region.

English Conquest and Edward I:

  • In 1283, during the reign of Edward I of England, Criccieth Castle was captured by English forces as part of their campaign to conquer Wales.
  • The castle was subsequently expanded and strengthened by the English, and it played a role in maintaining control over the region.

Conflict and Decline:

  • Criccieth Castle saw periods of conflict and damage during various conflicts and uprisings, including the Glyndŵr Rising in the early 15th century.
  • Over time, the strategic importance of the castle diminished, and it fell into disrepair.

Victorian Era and Tourism:

  • In the 19th century, Criccieth experienced a revival as a tourist destination. The scenic beauty of the area, combined with the presence of the castle ruins, attracted visitors.
  • Victorian tourists came to enjoy the coastal views and the newly developed seaside promenade.

Modern Times:

  • Today, Criccieth is a charming coastal town known for its historic castle, sandy beaches, and a range of tourist attractions.
  • Criccieth Castle, despite its ruined state, remains a prominent landmark and a popular historical site.
  • The town continues to be a destination for tourists looking to explore the natural beauty of the Welsh coastline and its rich history.

Criccieth’s history is a testament to the enduring presence of human settlement in this scenic part of Wales. From its early Welsh origins to its role in English conquest and its revival as a Victorian-era tourist destination, the town has a diverse and fascinating history that is still celebrated and appreciated by visitors today.

 

http://www.criccieth.co.uk/html/town_history.html

Criciceth History
Criccieth castle from the sky

History of Criccieth Castle

Criccieth Castle, located in the town of Criccieth in Gwynedd, Wales, is a historic medieval fortress with a rich history. Here is an overview of the history of Criccieth Castle:

Construction and Early History of Criccieth Castle:

  • Criccieth Castle was built during the early 13th century, around 1230, by Llywelyn the Great, the Prince of Gwynedd.
  • It was strategically situated on a rocky headland overlooking Tremadog Bay and the Llŷn Peninsula, providing an advantageous defensive position.
  • The castle was initially constructed as a timber and earthwork fortress, but it was later rebuilt using stone.

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (Llywelyn the Last):

  • In the late 13th century, the castle played a significant role during the reign of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, also known as Llywelyn the Last.
  • Llywelyn’s brother, Dafydd ap Gruffudd, seized control of the castle in 1282, leading to conflicts between the Welsh and English forces.

English Conquest and Reconstruction:

  • After the conquest of Wales by Edward I of England in 1283, Criccieth Castle came under English control.
  • Edward I ordered substantial reconstruction and fortification of the castle, turning it into a formidable stronghold.
  • The castle was expanded with curtain walls, towers, and a gatehouse.

Later History of Criccieth Castle and Decline:

  • Over the years, Criccieth Castle’s military significance waned, and it transitioned from a military fortress to a residential estate.
  • By the 17th century, it had fallen into disrepair, and much of its stonework was removed for use in other construction projects.

Present-Day Criccieth Castle:

  • Today, Criccieth Castle stands as a picturesque ruin overlooking the town and the sea, with stunning views of the surrounding coastline.
  • The castle is a popular tourist attraction, known for its historical significance and its role in the region’s history.
  • Visitors can explore the castle’s remains, including its gatehouse, towers, and curtain walls, while enjoying panoramic views of the Welsh coast.

Criccieth Castle is not only a testament to medieval Welsh and English history but also a stunning example of castle architecture set against the backdrop of the Welsh coastline. Its unique location and historical significance make it a captivating destination for tourists and history enthusiasts alike.

An artist drawing of the original Criccieth Castle

Original Criccieth castle Recreation